IoT-Based Glucose Monitoring Systems

4-Step Process for IoT based Healthcare System

Step 1: The first step consists of the deployment of interconnected devices including sensors, actuators, monitors, detectors, camera systems, etc. These devices collect the data.

6 Types of Continuous Glucose Monitoring System

  1. The CGM system is located near the critical cardiac patients in the intensive care unit. The system is built by a disposable subcutaneous glucose sensor, a glucose client, and a server. The system collects glucose data 4 times per day and stores in a hospital information system. Doctors can use the bedside monitor to track the glucose data.
  2. Bluetooth low energy (BLE) implantable glucose monitoring system — Glucose data collected from the system is transmitted through BLE to a PDA (smart-phone or iPad) which represents the received data in text forms for visualization. The system shows some achievements in reducing power consumption of an external power unit and an implantable unit.
  3. Glucose monitoring in individuals with diabetes using long-term implanted sensor systems and models. Glucose data is sent every two minutes to external receivers. In addition, the system proves that implanted sensors can be placed inside a human body for a long period of time (180 days) for managing diabetes and other diseases.
  4. A non-invasive blood glucose monitoring system using near-infrared (NIR) — Glucose in the blood is predicted based on the analysis of the variation in the received signal intensity obtained from a NIR sensor. The predicted glucose data is sent wirelessly to a remote computer for visualization.
  5. A blood glucose level monitoring system based on wireless body area networks for detecting diabetes. The system is built by using a glucometer sensor, Arduino Uno, and a Zigbee module. Doctors and caregivers can access a web-page to monitor the glucose levels of a patient remotely.
  6. A monitoring system for type 2 diabetes mellitus — The system is able to make decisions on the statues of diabetes control and predict future glucose levels of an individual. Obtained glucose data can be monitored remotely by medical staff through wide area networks.

How does Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) System Work?

1. Sensor Device Structure

Top 10 Players

Future Insights

There is no doubt that the future of IoT in healthcare is bright and it has a lot of caliber to revolutionize healthcare services. From leading hospitals to small clinics, all are availing the benefits of IoT in healthcare. The future of IoT in healthcare with being a game-changer and the new IoT innovations will mobilize business patterns and automate the data monitoring process.

References

  1. https://builtin.com/internet-things/iot-in-healthcare
  2. https://ordr.net/article/iot-healthcare-examples/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30875159/
  4. https://screen.cloud/blog/iot-applications-healthcare-space
  5. https://blog.contus.com/iot-healthcare-applications-benefits/
  6. https://www.wirelesswatchdogs.com/blog/iot-applications-in-healthcare
  7. https://tele2iot.com/article/iot-healthcare-applications/
  8. https://www.dqindia.com/evolution-of-iot-playing-a-crucial-role-in-the-healthcare-sector/
  9. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050917310281
  10. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281464818_Future_Perspectives_in_Glucose_Monitoring_Sensors
  11. https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/18/7/2183

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